Leukemia .. types, symptoms and treatment
Leukemia is a serious disease that must be treated immediately upon discovery of the disease. Here is a report on the causes and types of leukemia.
Type of leukemia cancer Which have an effect on blood cells, and among the most common types of blood cancer are leukemia, myeloma, and lymphoma. In the following report, we learn about the symptoms, causes, types, and treatment of leukemia.
Causes of leukemia:
The presence of mutations in the genetic material (DNA) of blood cells, and these mutations occur as a result of factors related to the person’s life system, and factors that help in the development of leukemia:
Exposure to industrial chemicals.
– Getting old.
Weakened immune system.
Exposure to high doses of radiation.
Undergoing chemotherapy or radiation when being treated for some other types of cancer.
Some genetic abnormalities that lead to leukemia.
– The presence of chronic defects in lymphocytes, including myelofibrosis, myelodysplastic syndrome, primary erythrocytosis.
Types of leukemia:
It is a type of leukemia that affects white blood cells and bone marrow, and there are types of leukemia, including
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
- Acute myelogenous leukemia.
One of the types of leukemia that affects the lymphatic system, which is important as it works to filter harmful substances, and this in turn leads to enlarged glands, and there are types of Lymphoma Such as:
A type of leukemia that occurs due to a mutation in the DNA of blood cells, and these mutations occur as a result of factors related to a person’s daily life.
Symptoms of leukemia:
There is a difference between the symptoms in the types of leukemia, and it is worth noting that the symptoms of leukemia do not appear on the patient immediately and may be noticed after a long time, and this is a result of the disease developing slowly and among the symptoms that may appear on the patient:
- General weakness in the body.
- Feeling constantly tired.
- Unexplained headache.
- Fever higher than 37.5 degrees without justification.
- injury shortness of breath.
- Excessive sweating, especially at night.
- Anorexia and thus weight loss.
- Feeling pain in the joints, bones and abdomen.
- The appearance of a rash or bruising, and paleness on the skin.
The shape of leukemia bruises:
Bruises begin to appear in the form of red spots, and with the passage of time the color changes to become dark red, and many small or large spots may spread on the skin. This usually occurs as a result of a decrease in the number of platelets in the body, and this is a strong indication of the presence of a blood disorder that may lead to infection. with cancer.
When going to the doctor, he asks for several tests, including:
– Blood tests, which include a complete blood picture, and an examination of kidney and liver functions.
Examination to determine the level of uric acid.
Examination of a swab of blood under a microscope to detect cancer cells.
Bone marrow biopsy, which determines the type of leukemia.
Lumbar puncture examination to detect cancer cells in the spinal fluid.
PCR tests to detect traces of cancer cells in the body, and FISH tests to detect chromosomal defects in the cell’s DNA.
Leukemia cure rate:
The cure rate for leukemia varies from one patient to another, and this depends on many things, including the type of leukemia, the stage of cancer, the patient’s health condition, the extent of his response to treatment, and the patient’s age.
It is worth noting that chronic myeloid leukemia is one of the highest types of blood cancer with a cure rate of about 90%, and the cure rate for chronic lymphocytic leukemia is about 70:75% for adults.
A cancer patient resorts to different types of treatment depending on his health condition and the type of leukemia, and among the types of treatment that doctors follow with patients, which were mentioned by the “blood cancer” website, are the following:
- Radiation therapy.
- kinase inhibitors.
- pure transplantation.
- Stem cell transplant.
Duration of leukemia treatment:
The duration of treatment varies from one patient to another according to the patient’s condition, stage of the disease, its type, and complications resulting from leukemia. The duration of treatment for leukemia usually takes between 2 to 3 years.