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Libya's tribes by 2023.. Hopes pinned on turning the page of pain and realizing the dream of elections

Updated Saturday 12/31/2022 12:36 PM Abu Dhabi time With the year 2022 turning its pages after the ink in which he wrote its lines had dried without carrying anything new for the Libyans who are still suffering the consequences of the political division in Libya, many have come to rely on the tribes as an engine and supporter of stability . Those tribes that have played a major role in the stability of the African country since 2014, in the battles waged by the Libyan army against terrorist organizations, are now viewed by Libyans with hope, in the hope that they will lend a helping hand, to pull Libya out of the clutches of division and fragmentation, into a state with unified institutions. , led by a new president and parliament, through elections that turn the page of “pain” and with repeated local and international calls to resume the Libyan dialogue, the latest of which was launched by the Commander-in-Chief of the Libyan Army, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, in his speech during the celebration of the 71st Independence Day, and the reactions that followed those words. Local and international seeking dialogue, the role of the Libyan tribes that have supported stability since 2014 has emerged in the battle of the war on “terrorism”. A historical role In addition, Libyan political analyst Salem Swery said in an interview with Al-Ain news, that his country is distinguished by its tribal nature; And in which the tribe plays a major role, pointing out that the late Libyan President Muammar Gaddafi relied in his rule on the element of tribal balance, which contributed to the survival of the political influence of the tribes, and at the same time provided the political stability of the previous regime, and enabled him to remain in the rule of Libya for many decades. . Haftar’s speech between reassurance and warning.. Experts: The solution is in the hands of the Libyans However, after the fall of the Gaddafi regime, the tribal factor emerged clearly, as one of the factors governing the development of events in Libya, according to the Libyan analyst, who said that the tribal factor is at the top of the actors in the Libyan political map As one of the main supporters of the national state institutions in Libya, especially the army and police institutions, which rejected foreign interference in Libyan affairs. While the Libyan analyst said that the Libyan tribes must complete their historical role in the coming period and support the armed forces in political stability, as they participated in the war on terrorism, he expected that these tribes would be the first to respond to Field Marshal Haftar’s call to renounce violence and move in the direction of national reconciliation, which would achieve political stability. big. One battle The same opinion was referred to by the analyst and social activist Abdullah Bouarousha, who said in an interview with “Al-Ain news”, that the Libyan tribes were in all activities concerned with the country’s crisis, united with their armed forces, as they believed that the battle was one. The social activist explained that the tribes constitute a support center for the Libyan army, contributing to the restoration of Libya, its stability, territorial integrity and preserving its capabilities, driven by the close relationship it has with the army, which emerged during 2014 in supporting the tribes of the Cyrenaica region specifically for the armed forces in its battles against terrorism. Among those tribes were “Al-Saadi, Al-Murabitoun, and Al-Hadour”, which prompted their sons to join the Libyan army, and drove many supply convoys, until the empire of terrorism was destroyed through a series of wide security and military operations, which restored “the features of the state and the prestige of the homeland, as a guarantee to protect the unity and sovereignty of Libya and the dignity of all Libyans, According to Bouarousha, who said that the tribes sought to preserve the social fabric and solve problems according to the rules of social custom, in various regions of Libya, and pointed out that while the Libyans are looking forward with the beginning of the new year (2023) to implement a clear-cut road map that enables them to hold simultaneous presidential and parliamentary elections, it will be The role of the tribes during the next stage in this direction, stressing that these tribes will work to support the youth segment to run in the legislative elections coinciding with the presidential elections to produce a strong authority capable of achieving sovereignty, imposing the rule of law and purging the country from militias. In an interview with Al-Ain news, the tribes are entrusted with several major tasks in the next stage, including unifying the internal and collective ranks to form a public opinion. A motive for conducting the electoral entitlement. The Libyan analyst appealed to the tribes, some of whose members belong to any of the illegal entities or militias, to pressure and threaten to pull the social rug from under those armed elements, and not to recognize them, indicating that they must mediate to increase confidence between the Libyan parties by releasing detainees in militia prisons or exchanging them. detainees between different political parties. The Libyan political analyst stressed that the tribes should put pressure on their members of the House of Representatives and the state, and conduct visits to the presidents of the two houses to pressure to end the crisis of the constitutional rule, and mediate between the different political candidates, east and west, to reach decisions to withdraw some to unite the ranks and not disperse the national voices in favor of the Brotherhood and its candidates. One last chance, “Libyans are waiting for the leaders of their tribes, sheikhs, and notables to play a patriotic role, to end the crisis because the people have reached a boiling point,” according to the Libyan analyst, who warned that any “next uprising will lead to a bad situation, and will turn the clock back to before 2014.” . Last week, the Commander-in-Chief of the Libyan Army, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, called last week, during a popular celebration, attended by hundreds of tribal sheikhs and thousands of celebrants on the occasion of the 71st anniversary of his country’s independence, to resume the Libyan-Libyan dialogue, announcing a “last chance” for the political parties to draw a road map through. to hold elections.

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