Saudi Arabia promotes investment with new Companies Regulations

AAfter two years of drafting, session and amendments, the new Companies Regulations became once officially promulgated in Saudi Arabia on 30 June 2022 and would possibly enter into power in January 2023, replacing the worn Companies Regulations of 2015 and the Respectable Companies Regulations of 2019. The brand new Companies Regulations, which contains 281 articles, is extra in response to Saudi Arabia’s imaginative and prescient 2030 than the worn legislation, and would possibly grant investors greater flexibility and better protection of their enterprise pursuits. The brand new legislation makes important breakthroughs and innovations within the next areas.


Wang Jihong, Zhong Lun Regulation Firm
Wang Jihong
Zhong Lun Regulation Firm

Below the new Companies Regulations, the varieties of companies that would additionally be established by investors comprise:

    1. joint liability firm;
    2. restricted partnership firm;
    3. joint stock firm;
    4. Easy joint stock firm; and
    5. Restricted liability firm (LLC).

Among these, the easy joint stock firm is a new firm originate created by the new legislation, that would survey to meet the increasing build a question to from investors for startup and challenge capital.

As a flexible corporate entity, a simplified joint stock firm would possibly additionally be spaced up by one or extra persons and managed by one or more managers, or a board of directors, and it will mission diverse varieties of shares.


The brand new Companies Regulations relaxes the necessities for joint stock companies. It lets within the establishment of one-person joint stock companies, eliminates the requirement to defend an establishment meeting, eliminates restrictions on the alternative of board participants and the remuneration of directors, and lets within the issuance of diverse classes of shares with diverse rights and obligations.

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Article 11 of the new Companies Regulations expressly lets within the inclusion of binding joint challenge agreements and family charters within the firm’s articles of association (which have to not battle with existing authorized pointers and articles of association) as a foundation for the governance and administration of the firm, and the distribution of earnings.

Sooner than this, no explicit recognition of joint challenge agreements or family charters below Saudi legislation had resulted in inconsistencies in judicial decisions on their validity.

The brand new Companies Regulations recognizes the validity of these paperwork and permits extra flexible and refined shareholder preparations in joint challenge agreements tailor-made to the categorical needs of family businesses.


Zhao Huiqi, Zhong Lun Regulation Firm
Zhao Huiqi
Zhong Lun Regulation Firm

The brand new legislation lets in LLCs to mission negotiable bonds and diverse financing instruments below the capital market authorized pointers and guidelines, giving them the pliability to pledge their shareholdings and amplify their safe entry to to financing in Saudi Arabia. When put next with the worn Companies Regulations, the new legislation introduces major adjustments within the next areas:

  1. Necessities for incorporation paperwork. The brand new Companies Regulations stipulates the necessities for the declaration, paperwork and articles of association to be submitted for the incorporation of a firm. Two of these paperwork will be private to be submitted for original companies. One is an announcement from shareholders stating that the firm complies with the necessities of the new Companies Regulations pertaining to the incorporation of companies. The varied is an announcement or file ready by permitted valuer displaying its honest payment if there could be any capital contribution in kind.
  2. The responsibility of diligence and fidelity of directors and managers. The brand new Companies Regulations affords that directors and managers are not accountable for losses to the firm constructing from their decisions, equipped that the selections end not bear their private pursuits and are in step with their affordable judgment of the purpose conditions and bulky knowledge of the related issues right by the main scope, performing primarily the most attention-grabbing pursuits of the firm. The burden of proving the related mission lies with the aggrieved occasion. The worn Companies Regulations are unclear on this regard, and inconsistent court pocket rulings exist.
  3. Buyback of shares by LLCs. Below the charter, an LLC would possibly capture aid or pledge its shares, which end not raise voting rights. This fraction buyback rule will enable LLCs to restructure their existing fraction capital extra quickly and facilitate shareholders of LLCs to explore new exit routes.
  4. Sail-alongside factual and mark-alongside factual. The articles of association can comprise the next solutions on the consent of shareholders representing 90% or extra of the firm’s equity: entitling the majority of shareholders to require diverse shareholders jointly to switch all shares of the firm to a bona fide third occasion on the identical terms and at the identical discover, and that minority shareholders require majority shareholders to guarantee the identical terms and price for selling their shares collectively. Right here’s the important time Saudi authorized private pointers recognized the rights of hobble-alongside and mark-alongside, which had been refined many times to enforce sooner than this association.
  5. Issues pertaining to the compulsory dissolution of LLCs attributable to losses. Below the worn legislation, if an LLC misplaced extra than half of its capital, the manager have to file that within the commercial register and contact a shareholders’ meeting interior 90 days after knowledge of the loss to recount about whether to continue in enterprise or dissolve the firm. If the manager fails to name a meeting of shareholders, or if the meeting fails to kind a dedication, the firm will likely be compulsorily dissolved. In contrast, the new Companies Regulations eliminates the requirement for the compulsory dissolution of LLCs. It clarifies that if an LLC loses more than half of its capital, the manager has 60 days to name a shareholders’ meeting after turning into attentive to the disaster to stare whether to continue the enterprise and buy related concrete measures, or liquidate the firm.

The brand new Companies Regulations has but to come into make, and private authorities have not announced a deadline for amending the articles of association of companies to watch the new legislation. Nonetheless, Chinese language investors will privately still defend in mind the adjustments to interchange the articles of association of their Saudi companies, complying with the necessities of the new Companies Regulations.

Wang Jihong is a partner and Zhao Huiqi is an associate at Zhong Lun Regulation Firm

Zhong Lun legislation Firm

Zhong Lun Regulation Firm

22-31/F, South Tower of CP Heart

20 Jin He East Avenue

Beijing 100020, China

Tel: +86 10 5957 2288

Fax: +86 10 6568 1022


[email protected]

[email protected]

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