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JB Straubel, founder and CEO of Redwood Affords, left Tesla to support tackle the battery provides shortage and set up a home, closed-loop provide chain.
December 04, 2022 08:13 PM
Battery recycling startup Redwood Affords reached a landmark deal final month to place ample cathode materials to Panasonic to vitality 1 million electric autos.
When Panasonic’s Kansas battery factory begins manufacturing in 2025, it could well probably be the first time cathode materials has been produced at gigafactory scale in North The united states and ragged in U.S. battery cell manufacturing, primarily primarily based totally on Redwood Affords. And that’s the rationale real the origin of the startup’s plans. By 2030, the Carson City, Nev., company initiatives it will put ample anode and cathode materials to place 5 million EVs.
Redwood Affords is the brainchild of JB Straubel, the longtime chief skills officer at Tesla who left to focal point on his recycling startup in July 2019. Prolonged sooner than others, Straubel foresaw a looming shortage of battery provides within the fledgling electric-automobile era. He posited that recycling was one intention to narrow the gap. This day, Redwood Affords is working with the likes of Panasonic, Toyota, Volkswagen, Ford and Volvo on a fluctuate of initiatives.
Straubel, 46, seemed on the Sunday, Nov. 27, episode of “Shift: A Podcast About Mobility.” Right here’s an edited excerpt of his conversation with Car news reporter Pete Bigelow.
Q: What’s the scope of the agreement with Panasonic to place recycled cathode materials for its deliberate battery factory in Kansas?
A: Or now no longer it is an mountainous deal for us. Panasonic has been a longstanding companion of ours a form of years. We started with recycling some manufacturing scrap materials from them at their gigafactory in Nevada. This and not using a doubt expands that relationship. Right here’s a multibillion-dollar deal over several years. Or now no longer it is a contractual commitment on each of our aspects. We’re going to be working together arm-in-arm to manufacture it happen.
What’s the importance of this agreement?
I’d insist it is a long way truly the most involving North American battery provide chain deal up to now. There could well be many more. There can have to be. But this is crucial and the first gigafactory scale provide-chain deal. It additionally represents a correct closed-loop instance. , there could be been a form of discuss of closed-loop provide chains. It feels almost admire a buzzword in this point in time. But I am and not using a doubt proud that this is involving these connected vital steel atoms, nickel, cobalt and copper support to Panasonic within the manufacture of products.
What are complications in creating this closed-loop provide chain?
Or now no longer it is surprisingly technically laborious. It anxious me and I’ve spent my entire career in skills and building complex issues.
Conceptually it appears to be like to be easy. You steal an former product, you manufacture it into a brand fresh product. It is circular. But the accurate steps which can maybe maybe presumably be alive to alongside the intention encompass almost every part that mining corporations, metals-refining corporations and additionally manufacturing corporations have to provide. So we’re form of blending three varied corporations into one entity in show to terminate that loop.
Point out the battery itself.
In this shift to electrification, there is form of a entire fresh vocabulary of parts and aspects that I have confidence possibilities and enthusiasts need to get accustomed to. Even as you peep within a lithium ion battery, or any battery, and not using a doubt, it has, three or four critical aspects. There’s a cathode, there could be an anode, a separator, an electrolyte and a can. But the cathode and the anode produce almost the total functional work.
They are what store the electrons in varied chemical kinds. And they also’re what customarily settle the vitality density of the battery and lot of times its vitality and its safety as successfully. Cathode materials makes up greater than half of the pricetag of your entire battery. Or now no longer it is a terribly costly single ingredient. It contains the total cobalt and the total nickel, and it is additionally where the total lithium is built into the battery when it is first made.
How can costs be addressed by recycling?
The raw materials value within a lithium battery is persevering with to climb. As this entire alternate grows, the p.c that is real the raw materials commodity value is rising each single year. So it form of units a ground on how low-value batteries the usage of the connected applied sciences this day can get.
Except we catch a intention to if truth be told within the reduction of that materials value, that predominant materials value, there is now no longer and not using a doubt an accurate clear direction to head below a definite value in value per kilowatt-hour. Now, recycling does have a intention to provide that. And rather than being one-to-one linked, , to desiring to mine fresh metals and to search out them geologically and originate fresh mines, all of that is a little complex and takes time.
How is the transition to electric autos going?
I have confidence there could be a enormous quantity of consciousness, dialogue and momentum building spherical the transition. But within the occasion you peep at real the rather straightforward files of how many autos on the road are and not using a doubt electric this day, I have confidence it indicates how a long way we have to head. We’re customarily 1 p.c by this industrial shift of a instant. Your entire alternate is transferring and making correct growth. But I produce danger that it is now no longer occurring maybe in basically the most balanced of ways.
Is there a shortage within the raw provides wanted to manufacture the shift?
I have confidence within the medium time length we are able to glance some shortages in these varied provides. Within the waste, , there could be a form of lithium on this planet. I produce now no longer deem that is a predicament within the very long time length.
Then all as soon as more, the rate that we have to ramp it up and the rate that we have to make insist of it to manufacture this transition happen could well be a predicament. And that’s the rationale where I have confidence we are going to glance some challenges within the provision chain to come. There are potentially some somewhat sizable ones where there were beneath investments in mining or refining which have a long lead time to if truth be told get the total intention to producing the accurate provides. And I am now no longer exactly definite fix that.
Within the waste, I have confidence recycling is critical in this entire market. Within the short time length, it will support alleviate some of that bottleneck and one of the most provides need.
But it clearly can not provide all of them. You must well maybe maybe now no longer recycle a product that would no longer exist but. It is one thing where recycling each year will play a greater and greater role till the discontinue remark, where it is offering the overwhelming majority of the total provides wanted. But it could well probably be several a long time between here and there.
You led pattern of the first gigafactory all over your tenure at Tesla. Is that after your suggestions about provide-chain reliability and recycling took form?
My thinking on this started to unfold after we went to greater scale at Tesla. It was clear — and I was lucky to have this entrance-row seat — to this predicament transferring from skills integration within the automobile itself and the battery itself, making it work and demonstrating it could well possibly maybe maybe presumably feature, to one amongst organizing the total provide chain and manufacturing chain to manufacture hundreds of hundreds of them. It took a enormous quantity of focal point from the team at Tesla to pull that off, and it was and not using a doubt the Mannequin 3 that was the high-quantity platform.
Thru that course of, it grew to become clear to me it had become a famous greater predicament for the alternate. It created some of my enthusiasm for figuring out how shall we solve that in a substandard-alternate intention.
Had been you centered on the auto alternate, or had you zoomed out to if truth be told realize the affect for the total provide chain and atmosphere as successfully?
Or now no longer it is each these vectors. Within a single OEM, there could be so many issues to provide and calls for on your time and capital. Recycling and integration of the provision chain is important but now no longer customarily at the highest of the record. Being in a separate company, autonomous from OEMs, we’re in a put to aggregate what’s a lumpy and complex provide circulate — we’re the usage of user laptops and batteries from electric autos — to enact a elevated economy of scale on incoming materials and preserve a more in-depth focal point on how we manufacture basically the most environmental wait on in building that closed loop, with an learn about in direction of the future. We’re architecting one thing that will unfold in its fat relevance a long time from now, and that is the rationale phase of the fun for me.