Politics The reasons for America’s inability to disrupt Iran’s marches… Has the carrot and stick policy failed? Updated Sunday 1/15/2023 11:15 AM Abu Dhabi time While America adopted a policy of sanctions to deter Iran from moving forward in developing its weapons, Tehran succeeded in circumventing that strategy, which resulted in the boom of the drone industry. However, the prosperity of the Iranian drone industry and program has raised many questions about the feasibility of US sanctions, and whether Washington’s strategy is able to move forward in “taming” Tehran and disrupting its programs to develop its weapons. Questions answered by the American newspaper “The National Interest”, saying that given the difficulty of disrupting the Iranian drone program through economic sanctions and export controls, the United States should adopt a new strategy. The US Treasury Department imposed sanctions on members of the executive board of Quds Aviation and Aerospace Industries (IAIO), an Iranian defense company founded by the Iranian Revolutionary Guards in 1985. US SanctionsThe company designs and manufactures medium-range combat and reconnaissance drones called the Mohajer 6, which was supposedly flown To Russia in the summer. And last September, Western reports said that Russia used Al-Muhajir 6 to coordinate an attack on the Ukrainian port of Odessa, “in contradiction to Tehran’s denial of providing Moscow with drones after it launched the military operation in Ukraine,” according to the American newspaper. While the US Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets imposed sanctions on Al-Quds Company since 2013, members of the company’s executive board were on a date with new sanctions on January 6. The National Interest says that the US government may also increase sanctions imposed on officials of the Iranian Aircraft Industry Company (HESA), which produces the Iranian suicide march “Shahid-136”, which Russia renamed “Jeran-2”, which appeared prominently in the war in Ukraine. Since last September, Russia has deployed Iran’s Shahed-136 drones in waves of drone and missile strikes, paralyzing vital infrastructure in Ukraine. Prominent Player For years, the United States imposed sanctions on Iran’s military-industrial complex, manufacturing base, and other Iranian companies. Nevertheless, Iran’s aviation sector and drone industry continued to expand and flourish; Western sanctions have not prevented Iran from becoming a prominent player in the military drone market and sharing drone technology with partners and proxies inside and outside the Middle East. And the American newspaper says, that Iran has manufactured and operated drones since the Iran-Iraq war in the mid-1980s, noting that the drones have increasingly presented Iran with an asymmetric advantage, with the realization that it cannot compete with the most modern air forces in the region – even While trying to get Su-35 fighter jets from Russia in exchange for drones, missiles and other military aid. The National Interest noted that Iranian drones are cheaper than their Western counterparts and have proven effective on the battlefield, whether against local and regional insurgents or US assets in the region. How has Iran benefited? She emphasized that it enabled Iran to project its power, reap profits, strengthen its position, strengthen alliances, and influence conflicts in the Middle East and beyond, noting that Tehran delivered drones, their designs, components, and training to its partners and agents in Iraq, Lebanon, and Yemen, as well as to foreign governments such as Russia, Syria, and Venezuela. . Nearly two years after the end of the United Nations arms embargo imposed on Iran in October 2020, one of the most prominent Iranian military, Major General Muhammad Bagheri, opened a new Iranian drone factory in Tajikistan, in May 2022, which is the first naval facility for the production of aircraft. without pilot. An Iranian official admits: We are facing a dangerous situation due to the executions. On October 18, and with Russia continuing to use the “Shahid-136” against Ukrainian infrastructure and civilians, a senior military aide to Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei claimed that 22 countries want to buy drones. Iranian pilot. So far, Iran has refrained from providing Russia with long-range and more deadly drones and missiles, such as the Arash-2 suicide drone, the Fateh-110 missile and the Zolfaghar short-range ballistic missile (SRBM), to avoid exposure to swift sanctions under the terms of the agreement, The National Interest says. United Nations Security Council Resolution 2231 until a major provision expires in October 2023. Meanwhile, in Bandar Abbas, southern Iran, the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Navy contracted an Iranian shipbuilder to convert the Shahid Mahdavi container ship. to an unmanned aircraft carrier. Why did America fail? Iranian moves, which America is facing by increasing sanctions, imposing controls on exports and putting pressure on private companies to disrupt the technological supply chain related to the drone industry in Tehran. Those American plans were announced after reports emerged that the Shahed-136 was manufactured with American and British components, according to the American newspaper, which said that these components not only complicate the revolutionary narrative of independence and self-sufficiency for Iran, but also demonstrate its ability to bypass sanctions. As with Western sanctions, further export controls and corporate pressure are unlikely to significantly reduce Iran’s access to these components; For a number of reasons, including that foreign components are already integrated into a robust drone program with a well-established supply chain. As for the second reason, the United States can punish companies that sell dual or multi-use technology to Iran and other countries, but it cannot completely prevent the sellers of this technology. The American newspaper indicated that the Iranian leadership adopts a comprehensive government approach and uses all available tools, from regime elites attending universities abroad to electronic espionage, to gain access to the latest technologies, stressing that Iran may have difficulty accessing or creating complex communications technology. However, it could still easily buy a Texas Devices transceiver chip of the kind that Ukrainian forces discovered inside the Shahed-136 they destroyed, especially from China’s large and unregulated technology market. She noted that Iran’s human capital could allow it to accelerate domestic production of UAV components, by relying on its first-class scientists, technicians, engineers and mathematicians who graduated from Sharif University of Technology and other high-ranking Iranian educational institutions. Carrot and stick policy The American newspaper confirmed that, to deter Iran, the United States will adopt a new strategy, which will seek to use an innovative and comprehensive approach to break the endless cycle of imposing US sanctions and avoiding Iranian sanctions. Under this strategy, punitive economic and financial measures will be part of a broader set of policy tools to achieve the effect of overall support for the government. The American newspaper stressed the need for the right mix of stick and carrot policy to change Iran’s behavior, noting that this would prevent Washington, Tehran and their allies from continuing down the destructive and irreversible path of intensifying conflict and instability.
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